Stock Gears > Stock Gear Catalog - Online Version > Design Considerations: Mountings

Stock Gear Catalog - Online Version > Design Considerations: Mountings

Mountings
Rigid mountings should be provided to hold the displacements of the gears under operating loads within recommended limits. Care should be taken to see that keys are hardened, properly fitted and that couplings are not out of true or out of square.

For a number of years the Gleason Works has been making deflection tests on gears and their mountings and observing these same units in service. From these tests the recommended allowable deflections under maximum service load have been determined for gears from 6" to 15" diameter:

1) The pinion should not lift or depress more than 0.003".
2) The pinion should not yield axially more than 0.003" in either direction.
3) The gear should not lift or depress more than .003".
4) The gear should not yield axially more than 0.003" in either direction on miters or near miters or
more than 0.010" away from the pinion on higher ratios.
Spiral bevel gears should in general be mounted on anti-friction bearings in an oil-tight case. While designs may be made for a given set of conditions using plain bearings for radial and thrust loads, the problem of maintaining the gears in satisfactory alignment isStock Gears usually more easily accomplished with ball or roller bearings.

There are two general types of pinion mountings, namely the straddle and the overhung mounting. Either ball or roller bearings may be used in both types of mountings.

Ball bearings with extremely small axial yield should be used behind each pinion to take care of combined thrust and radial loads.

Matched angular contact or double row deep groove angular contact bearings are preferred. At the other end of the shaft a single row radial bearing may be used as shown in Figure 30 and Figure 33.

When mounted on taper roller bearings, the indirect mounting should be used. That is, the large ends of the tapered rollers of each bearing should point outward as shown in Figures Figure 31 and Figure 32. The thrust load of the pinion is thus absorbed by the bearing adjacent to the pinion and the reverse thrust load will be taken by the opposite bearing.

In either type of mounting both the gears and thrust bearings should be locked against thrust in either direction. This applies to straight bevel gears and Zerol® bevel gears as well as to spiral bevel and hypoid gears. It is accepted practice to preload the bearings to remove initial freedom in the mounting. The amount of preload depends upon the mounting load and operating speed, and should be established by the bearing manufacturer.

Click on a picture for a larger view.

Figure 30 Figure 31
Fig. 30 - A typical straddle mounting configuration for both members of a spiral bevel pair. Fig. 31 - This mounting is another form of bearing arrangement for overhung pinions.
Figure 32 Figure 33
Fig. 32 - Straddle pinion mounting for short shafts showing use of combined thrust and radial bearings. Gear mounted in oil-tight case. Fig. 33 - Arrangement recommended for long shafts to prevent temperature changes affecting position of gear mounted in oil-tight case.

Acknowledgment is gratefully extended to Gleason Works, Rochester, New York
and to the American Gear Manufacturers Association
for portions of the text and illustrative material
used in this section.

This information is on pages 16 and 17 of our Stock Gear Catalog.
Click HERE for Page 16 and HERE for Page 17 to download a PDF version of that page.